Kidnapping- Federal
Whoever unlawfully seizes, confines, … kidnaps, abducts, or carries away and holds for ransom or reward or otherwise any person, … when—
(1) the person is willfully transported in interstate … commerce; …



shall be guilty of an offense against the United States.
 
The term “kidnaps” as used in these instructions means forcibly to hold, detain, or carry away a person against that person's will.
 
At common law “kidnap” meant to take and carry away a person by force and against his will
 

The phrase “and holds for ransom or reward or otherwise” means to detain a person for anything that the individual who is holding that person feels is of benefit or has value. Such benefit is not limited to money or any measurable or material item.
 
The term “interstate commerce” means “commerce [or travel] between one State … and another State …”
A person is “transported in interstate commerce” whenever that person moves or travels across state lines or moves or travels from one state to another state.
Although the government must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that (the person named in the indictment) was transported in interstate commerce it is not necessary for the government to establish that Defendant or knew that state lines were actually being crossed.
 
Federal jurisdiction attaches only if the interstate transportation element is established. The kidnapping, by whatever means, must occur prior to the interstate travel. Where the defendant inveigled and decoyed the victim, it was not necessary that the victim become aware of the defendant's true intentions prior to crossing state lines. United States v. Hughes, 716 F.2d 234, 238 (4th Cir.1983).
See United States v. Jones, 508 F.2d 1271 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 421 U.S. 950, 95 S.Ct. 1684, 44 L.Ed.2d 105 (1975) (victim alive when transported across state lines).
“[J]urisdiction is established under the Federal Kidnapping Act when a victim, acting because of false pretenses initiated at the instance of the defendant, transports himself across state lines without accompaniment by the alleged perpetrator or an accomplice.” United States v. Wills, 234 F.3d 174, 176 (4th Cir.2000), cert. denied, 533 U.S. 953, 121 S.Ct. 2601, 150 L.Ed.2d 758 (2001).
 
 
 
 
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